Diabetic Supplies

Diabetic Supplies

Diabetes and Diabetes Supplies

The U.S. National Library of Medicine defines Diabetes as a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high.

Diabetes is a global health disorder that involves the abnormal metabolism of sugar (also referred to as glucose) in the body. In good health, blood sugar level ranges between 70-100mg/dl for a person who has not eaten for 8 hours. The normal range after 2 hours of eating is above 100mg/dl but below 140mg/dl. In the U.S alone, the disease's prevalence is about 9.3% of the population or almost 30 million Americans.

Types of diabetes

The 2 main types are

  • Type 1 diabetes. This type is also called insulin dependent diabetes mellitus because it is managed by using insulin injections. It can affect people of any age but it is more common in children.
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus. This is a type that mostly affects adults. That is why sometimes it is called adult onset diabetes mellitus (AODM). The disorder is mainly treated using medications, nutrition and lifestyle adjustment.

The pathology behind diabetes onset

Sugar control in the body involves complex processes in the pancreas, the liver, muscles and even blood cells. The main role in all these is played by insulin that is produced in the pancreas. For diabetes symptoms to occur there are two possible causes:

  • There is no insulin produced in the pancreas. This leads to Type 1 diabetes.
  • The insulin produced is inadequate or is ineffective to control the level of blood sugar (referred to as insulin resistance). This leads to Type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms of diabetes

These depend on the patient's state and level of blood sugar. Symptoms also depend on how well the diabetes has been managed and whether complications have set-in. Acute symptoms include:

  • Excessive thirst
  • Excessive intake of water and other fluids
  • Passing of a lot of urine frequently
  • Low energy

If the blood sugars are very high, symptoms of high ketones in the body are present. The most characteristic of this is the ketone breath. Longstanding high blood sugar states can lead to complications such as:

  • Opportunistic fungal infections
  • Chronic and poorly healing sores in the extremities
  • Gangrene formation
  • Poor sensory and motor neurological functions
  • Vision problems
  • Sexual dysfunctions due to impaired vascular and neurological functions.

Treatment of diabetes

Successful diabetes management involves a combination of

  • Insulin or medication therapy
  • Dietary adjustment
  • Lifestyle changes that involves leading a more physically active life, maintaining a healthy weight and giving up known risk factors such as heavy drinking, smoking and exposure to hazardous environmental or occupational toxins
  • Screening and early identification of those at risk
  • Management of complications
  • Taking proactive measures to prevent the condition or the development of complications
  • Continuing patient education on self-care
  • Joining support groups

Diabetes supplies

Effective management of diabetes needs reliable diagnostic and treatment supplies. There is a wide range of these items. Common ones include:

Blood sugar diagnostic kits

The 2 main methods used include use of special solutions that determine and confirm presence and level of blood sugar. The solutions are used in conjunction with special metered strips. There are many manufacturers of these medical supplies with various brands but they all serve the same purpose. Example Glucose Monitoring Supplies.

The other type of blood sugar testing involves a non-invasive use of special strips that are dipped in urine. They change color if there is sugar in urine and depending on the intensity of the change they give a rough estimate of its concentration. Other diabetes supplies include:

  • Special insulin syringes that include latex-free brands for those sensitive to latex
  • Lancets for pricking the patient to draw blood for testing
  • Wedges and pads. These are designed to reduce pressure on the feet. Feet care is an important aspect of diabetes management. It prevents occurrence of feet sores which are usually difficult to heal

Effective management of diabetes involves getting supplies from reliable and reputable sources

Some diabetic durable medical equipment is covered by Medicare and Tricare, such as glucose monitors and insulin pumps.

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